Glucose in Urine


Dangers of Glucose in Urine:

Glucose is an important carbohydrate and is essential for our body but up to a specific limit. Anything more than its limit can cause serious problems. An excess amount of glucose can cause high blood sugar levels. The increased amount of glucose in the blood results in glycosuria referred to as an extra quantity of sugar in the urine.

 Glycosuria usually occurs when there is a high amount of glucose in your body. It’s releasing through urine, or your kidneys may not absorb enough blood sugar out of your urine before it fires out of your body. Sometimes, there are low sugar levels in your body, but the renal tubule does not absorb glucose back into the body, known as renal glycosuria.

 Raised levels of glucose in the urine can cause:

An extra amount of sugar in urine can pull minerals out of your body, specifically potassium, sodium, and chloride. You can start having fatigue confusion, and your nails will become purple. It can cause a lot of heart problems; arrhythmia problems. The rate of heart attack and high blood pressure can increase. You are making it necessary to seek help from the doctor.

 Glycosuria Test:

The usual amount of glucose in the urine ranges from 0 to 0.8 mmol/L (millimoles per liter). More than that can cause serious health problems. Perform a urine glucose test, the person’s urine sample to take, and the glucose level is measured through a small cardboard device called a dipstick. The dipstick will change its color depending on the amount of glucose in your urine.

 Symptoms of high glucose levels:

  • Common symptoms of raised glucose level in the body are:
  • Increased thirst.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Fatigue.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Breathlessness.
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Fruity breath odor.
  • A parched mouth.
  • Minor cuts and abrasions can take a long time to recover.

 Causes of glucose in urine:

Glycosuria can develop due to type 2 diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin to balance the body’s glucose levels. As a result, blood glucose levels are raised and can cause blood glucose to enter the urine, causing glycosuria.

 Glycosuria can also develop due to type 1 diabetes. In this case, there is progressive destruction of cells in the pancreas and cannot make enough insulin for the body. When there is no enough insulin, the blood glucose levels raised—becoming one of the causes of glucose in urine.


Gestational diabetes:

During pregnancy, a woman tends to have an excess amount of glucose in the urine. Their kidneys allow more glucose to leave the body due to hormones released by the baby’s placenta. So it’s suggested for pregnant women to take blood glucose tests instead of the urine glucose test.

 Renal Glycosuria:

It’s a genetic disorder and is very rare. Renal glycosuria can occur when a person has normal or even low blood glucose levels, which is a problem with how the kidneys perform.

 Treatment of glycosuria:

  •  It’s is suggested that if a person’s glycosuria is because of diabetes, he should seek help from his doctor and make a treatment plan for himself.
  • Once the person’s blood sugar levels become normal, glycosuria can heal itself.
  • Possible diabetes treatment includes:
  • Do regular exercise.
  • Change the diet to eat more fresh vegetables and fruits, whole grains, and rich protein food.
  • Take medications for type 2 diabetes.
  • Taking insulin daily for all patients with type 1 diabetes and some patients with type 2 diabetes
  • Measure blood sugar levels to know how food, therapies, and activity is affecting them.
  • If you are facing any of the symptoms mentioned above, seek help from the doctor.